The history of Gelato. Gelato the Italian ice cream is believed to have been started when Marco Polo brought ice cream back to Italy from China. Just like the pizza the Neapolitans are credited for creating the first true ice cream. When Italy created there version of the flavor full dessert known as Gelato, Italy put their own stamp on ice cream. The difference between gelato and ice cream is that gelato is made with milk but sometimes skim-milk opposed to cream which gives the gelato a much lower milk fat content.